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Carefully deal with extreme heat; Vigilance order of the Department of Health

Thiruvananthapuram: The health department has issued a vigilance order in the wake of extreme heat in the state. Since it is election time, everyone, including public activists, needs to pay attention. Avoid direct sunlight from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. Use an umbrella or hat to avoid direct sunlight. Drink plenty of water even if you are not thirsty due to hot weather. Or dehydration can cause major health problems. People over the age of 65, children, people with heart disease and those who work hard need special care and protection. Make sure you drink clean water. If you feel any physical discomfort, seek treatment immediately.

What is sunburn

When the ambient temperature rises above a certain level, the thermoregulatory system of the human body malfunctions and thus interferes with the release of body heat. It can impair many vital functions of the body. This condition is called sunburn.


Unconsciousness may be accompanied by very high body temperature, dry red hot body, severe headache, dizziness, slow pulse, and changes in mood. If these symptoms are present, the doctor should be consulted immediately.

What is sunburn

Sunburn is a condition that is less severe than sunburn. People who work in the sun for long periods of time may experience redness, pain and burns from direct sun exposure. They should seek immediate treatment. Do not burst the bubbles that form on the burn area.


The main symptoms are fatigue, dizziness, headache, muscle cramps, nausea and vomiting, abnormal sweating, severe thirst, decreased urine output and dark yellow color, and loss of consciousness.

What to do if you feel sunburned

If you suspect sunburn or sunburn, move from a sunny place to a cool place to rest.

Remove thick clothing worn.

Wipe face and body with cold water

Cool the body with the help of a fan, AC or whistle

Drink plenty of fluids

Serve with fruits and salads

If the condition does not improve or there is loss of consciousness, seek immediate medical attention at the nearest hospital.

Preventive measures

Drink plenty of water, even if you do not feel thirsty, especially during the hot summer months. Make sure the drinking water is clean. People who sweat a lot should drink plenty of salted porridge, juice and lemonade.

Fruits and vegetable salads such as watermelon and oranges, which are high in water, should be included in the diet. Wear loose cotton clothing that covers the entire body.

Adjust working hours from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m., whenever you need to work in the sun.

Do not allow children to play in the sun

Keep doors and windows open to allow air to escape and heat to escape

Avoid leaving children in the car or other parking lot

Pay special attention to children, the elderly, pregnant women and people with serious illnesses such as heart disease. Even minor exposure to sunlight can cause serious complications.

Also at risk are those who drink less water, work in the sun, are malnourished, the poor who live in temporary shelters on the streets and in open spaces, and foreign workers and alcoholics who work overtime. If these people show signs of sunburn, seek treatment immediately.

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