Methane emissions from landfill could be turned into sustainable jet fuel with plasma-driven process

Graphical summary. Credit: Journal of the American Chemical Society (2024). DOI: 10.1021/jacs.4c01641

In a world first, University of Sydney researchers have developed a chemical course of utilizing plasma that would create sustainable jet gasoline from methane fuel emitted from landfills, doubtlessly making a low-carbon aviation trade.

Methane is a much more potent greenhouse fuel than carbon dioxide (CO2). In keeping with the Worldwide Vitality Company, the focus of methane within the environment is at the moment round two-and-a-half occasions higher than pre-industrial ranges and is rising steadily, with waste emissions and the burning of fossil fuels accounting for a big proportion.

The analysis was published within the Journal of the American Chemical Society.

24 May 2023. Credit: PJ Cullen, Plasmaleap Applied sciences, Sydney

Australia lately joined the worldwide methane mitigation settlement with america, the European Union, Japan and the Republic of Korea.

Lead writer Professor PJ Cullen from the University of Sydney’s Faculty of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering and Internet Zero Initiative mentioned, “Globally, landfills are a major emitter of greenhouse gases, mainly a mixture of CO2 and methane. We have developed a process that would take these gases and convert them into fuels, targeting sectors that are difficult to electrify, like aviation.”

“Fashionable landfill amenities already seize, improve, and combust their gas emissions for electricity generation. However, our process creates a much more environmentally impactful and commercially valuable product,” he mentioned.

23 Feb 2022. Credit: Tianqi Zhang, University of Sydney

World landfill emissions are estimated at 10–20 million tons of greenhouse gases per 12 months, a worth corresponding to the emissions of the worldwide vitality sector.

Aviation at the moment accounts for about three % of the world’s emissions. Making a “closed loop” gasoline primarily based on current emissions would get rid of the necessity for conventional and sustainable jet fuels, which add additional emissions into the environment.

How plasma makes the method work

The method would work by extracting methane from a landfill site, referred to as a methane properly, which makes use of a shaft-like mechanism to extract gases.

10 Feb 2020. Credit: Lawrence Suryawinata, Adept Turnkey Pty Ltd, University of Sydney

“The beauty of this is that this simple process captures almost the exact composition that we need for our process,” mentioned Professor Cullen.

“Non-thermal plasma is an electricity-driven technology which can excite gas at both a low temperature and atmospheric pressure. Essentially, what this means is this approach facilitates the conversion of the gas into value-added products by inducing plasma discharge within forming gas bubbles. The process doesn’t require heat or pressure, meaning it requires less energy, making it highly compatible with renewable energy power sources.”

Extra data:
Josip Knezevic et al, Lengthy-Chain Hydrocarbons from Nonthermal Plasma-Pushed Biogas Upcycling, Journal of the American Chemical Society (2024). DOI: 10.1021/jacs.4c01641

Methane emissions from landfill might be was sustainable jet gasoline with plasma-driven course of (2024, April 30)
retrieved 30 April 2024

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