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New brain-painting method being tested for ADHD treatment

USF Assistant professor, Marvin Andujar, and his pupil exhibit their brain-painting undertaking. Credit: University of South Florida

Think about specializing in one factor so nicely which you could management its motion. Now, think about mentally choosing colours and shapes to create an summary picture—a mind portray. USF pc scientist Marvin Andujar is harnessing the ability of focus and artwork to develop a brand new brain-computer interface (BCI) prototype and assist research members use their mind like by no means earlier than. The purpose is to introduce a novel remedy possibility for people with Consideration-Deficit/Hyperactivity Dysfunction (ADHD) by tapping immediately into their mind exercise.

“This type of brain-computer interaction is more of a brain exercise to improve your attention,” Andujar mentioned. “We’re trying to see how we can narrow that focus over time.”

Much like Andujar’s earlier work with brain-controlled drones, members’ full consideration is required. To fly ahead, a consumer should give attention to a particular motion, similar to strolling. People from the ADHD neighborhood approached Andujar after studying how the brain-controlled drone undertaking harnessed consideration span and requested for a tool they may use at residence.

“That’s why we started working on making brain painting into a tool where those with ADHD can train their attention while doing something creative,” Andujar mentioned.

Andujar simply wrapped up a two-year pilot research. He and his college students collected knowledge from members who’re primarily college students with ADHD who want extra assist to focus all through the semester and cross exams. The most typical remedy prescribed is Adderall—a medicine identified to disturb consuming and sleeping patterns.

“On the earth of expertise, with telephone and social media, it is simple to get distracted,” Andujar mentioned. “The idea of BCIs is similar to meditation practices because the mind is required to focus.”

Enhancements are measured by how lengthy one can maintain their consideration with out letting their minds wander. With mind portray, customers put on a BCI and give attention to display choices and work together with blinking controls to color on a clean canvas.

BCIs are pathway units that learn electrical mind alerts to facilitate interplay with exterior objects, similar to a prosthetic limb or drone. With Andujar’s BCI mind portray methodology, members put on a tool lined with sensors and select from a restricted collection of colours, shapes or controls by specializing in separately. A blinking mild lets the consumer know when their choice is acknowledged. This suggestions causes a stimulus spike within the parietal lobe (the a part of the mind accountable for sensory notion and integration) and is detected by the sensors. These spikes are then categorized by an algorithm and saved on undertaking laborious drive as a consumer profile.

“Everyone’s brain activity is unique, so each participant has to train the system to detect their decision making. Accuracy and speed improve the more it’s done,” Andujar mentioned.

Mind portray is a BCI methodology first used to assist ALS sufferers create artwork. Andujar modified this methodology to implement two variations—a 2D and virtual reality (VR) model. Within the VR expertise, members can absolutely immerse themselves throughout the setting whereas portray. The hope is that this work can even assist these combating psychological well being.

“Art has shown to elicit positive emotions, so with the VR version, we are asking how will concentration and emotion improve when also being immersed inside your own painting?” Andujar mentioned.

Andujar has bigger plans for his mind portray undertaking, which incorporates curating a VR artwork exhibit to develop his viewers and develop the primary levels of brain-based non-fungible tokens (NFTs) utilizing saved pictures created by brain-painting artists.

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New brain-painting methodology being examined for ADHD remedy (2022, May 20)
retrieved 20 May 2022

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