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Nitish Kumar, socialist leader of Bihar, emerges as challenger to Modi-Shah

At a time when the duo of Narendra Modi and Amit Shah are dictating phrases, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar not solely challenged but in addition despatched a message to the BJP and the RSS about his political daring with out caring in regards to the CBI, ED and the Revenue- Tax division.
PATNA: At a time when the duo of Narendra Modi and Amit Shah are dictating phrases, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar not solely challenged but in addition despatched a message to the BJP and the RSS about his political daring with out caring in regards to the CBI, ED and the Revenue-tax division.

Nitish Kumar, a socialist chief of Bihar, was elected because the chief minister for the eighth time.

Kumar, a product of the political faculty of Karpoori Thakur and Jayaprakash Narayan was influenced by the socialist ideology of those two nice leaders of Bihar.

He was influenced by the social justice and making of a Samata Mulak Samaj ideology of Karpoori Thakur and likewise participated within the Sampoorna Kranti motion in 1977 led by Jayaprakash Narayan.

Nitish Kumar was born in a Kurmi household in Bakhtiyarpur city in Patna district on March 1, 1951. His father was an Ayurvedic physician, Kaviraj Ram Lakhan Singh and his mom was Parmeshwari Devi.

He obtained a level in mechanical engineering from the Bihar Faculty of Engineering (now the Nationwide Institute of Expertise NIT) Patna. Throughout this era, he was influenced by the ideology of two-time former chief minister Karpoori Thakur (the primary tenure of Karpoori Thakur was from December 22, 1970 to June 2, 1971 and his second tenure was from June 24, 1977 to April 21) , 1979).

Karpoori Thakur headed the Janata Party authorities having amalgamated with the Bhartiya Jan Sangh which later was the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

The Janata Party was influenced by the ideology of Jayaprakash Narayan and Ram Manohar Lohia. They broadly believed within the social philosophies of Mahatma Gandhi and BR Ambedkar.

Karpoori Thakur, throughout his second tenure, had given 33% reservation to the Backwards in Bihar following the advice of the Mungeri Lal Fee. The Bhartiya Jan Sangh which was thought of the social gathering of the higher caste individuals, was not happy with the choice. Leaders like Kailash Pati Mishra, the then finance minister within the Karpoori Thakur authorities, revolted towards him in April 1979 and he misplaced his majority within the Bihar meeting.

At the moment, Indira Gandhi was undoubtedly the strongest chief within the nation. Nevertheless, the Sampoorna Kranti motion of 1974 put the brakes on her political profession.

The Allahabad Excessive Court docket discovered Indira Gandhi responsible of rigging the election and imposed a ban for six years on her from contesting elections on June 12, 1975. leaders like Jayaprakash Narayan, Karpoori Thakur, Ram Manohar Lohia and others had been despatched to jail. At the moment, Lalu Prasad Yadav, Nitish Kumar, Ram Vilas Paswan and others joined the Janata Party and had been additionally jailed.

Nitish Kumar was elected an MLA from Harnaut meeting constituency in Nalanda district in 1985.

In 1989, he contested the Lok Sabha election from Barh constituency in Patna district and gained the seat. He was within the VP Singh authorities and served as union minister of state for agriculture and cooperatives.

VP Singh had carried out the Mandal fee report within the nation and the BJP which had 88 MPs had withdrawn its help to Singh. At the moment, the Mandal Vs Kamandal politics was happening and BJP chief LK Advani began his Rath Yatra for the demolition of the Babri Masjid.

When the tenth Lok Sabha election was held in 1991, Nitish Kumar was elected once more on the ticket of Janata Dal from Barh constituency.

Lalu Prasad Yadav had emerged because the social justice chief of Bihar together with his sturdy vote financial institution of the Yadav and Muslim group. He gave energy to the backward, extraordinarily backward, marginalized communities of Bihar and have become the strongest chief in Bihar. He grew to become chief minister in 1990 for the primary time with the Janata Dal.

Socialist leaders George Fernandes and Nitish Kumar then left the Janata Dal and led the inspiration of the Samata Party whose ideology was secularism.

Nitish Kumar was once more elected to the Lok Sabha in 1996 with the Samata Party from Barh and George Fernandes gained the seat from Nalanda.

He then went with the BJP within the 13-day authorities of Atal Bihari Vajpayee. When requested why he went with a celebration whose ideology was simply the alternative to his socialist ideology, he advised mediapersons that political survival towards Lalu Prasad was extra essential then socialist ideology. That is the survival energy of Nitish Kumar and that is the explanation why he grew to become the chief minister of Bihar for the eighth time.

He was once more elected in 1998 to the twelfth Lok Sabha and served as union minister for railways with the extra cost of the floor transport ministry.

In 1999, he was elected once more to the Lok Sabha and have become the union minister of railways, floor transport and agriculture within the Atal Bihari Vajpayee authorities.

He first grew to become the chief minister of Bihar from March 3, 2000 to March 10, 2000.

He contested the Lok Sabha election in 2000 and once more served because the union minister of railways and agriculture within the Vajpayee authorities.

By then, Nitish Kumar had develop into the tallest chief of the Kurmi-Koiri and different backward class communities. That was the section when Lalu Prasad was going through expenses of fodder rip-off, and a lot of massacres in the course of the first tenure of his spouse Rabri Devi’s authorities from 1996 to 2000.

Nitish Kumar bought good help from the backward class other than his conventional Kurmi-Koiri vote financial institution. He merged his Samata Party into the Janata Dal-United (JD-U) in 2003. In the course of the 2005 meeting elections, the JD-U managed to win 88 seats and have become the one largest social gathering in Bihar. He shaped the federal government in Bihar with the assistance of the BJP.

Nitish Kumar bought the tag of Sushasan Babu of Bihar with a lot of welfare schemes like giving reservations to backward courses in authorities jobs. He gave 50% reservation to girls within the electoral technique of Panchayati Raj. He labored for social justice in his first time period and managed to uproot organized crime like kidnapping for ransom within the state.

He gained the help of the individuals of Bihar and the JD-U managed to win 118 seats in 2010 meeting election.

As per the assertion of senior chief Lalan Singh on Wednesday, Nitish Kumar might have simply shaped the federal government in Bihar however he took the BJP within the authorities and revered the alliance accomplice.

In 2013, when the BJP nominated Narendra Modi because the prime ministerial candidate of the NDA, Nitish Kumar objected to it and got here out of the NDA.

In the course of the Modi wave in 2014, the JD-U fared badly within the Lok Sabha elections. Nitish Kumar took the duty for it and resigned as chief minister. Jitan Ram Manjhi grew to become the CM.

Nitish Kumar took over as chief minister once more from Jitan Ram Manjhi in November 2014 and shaped an alliance with Lalu Prasad Yadav’s RJD. They made the Mahagathbandhan and likewise included the Congress social gathering. They gained the 2015 meeting election on the system of 100: 100 seats to the RJD and the JD-U and 43 seats to the Congress.

Lalu Prasad, in 2015 introduced that Nitish Kumar would be the chief minister’s face of the Mahagathbandhan. When the election outcomes got here in, the RJD gained 80 seats, the JD-U 73 and the Congress 29. They managed to cease the BJP at 53 seats in Bihar regardless of a robust Modi wave.

The RJD, regardless of having extra seats than the JD-U, made Nitish Kumar the chief minister of Bihar.

Other than Lalu Prasad, the opposite RJD leaders thought that the chief minister’s submit ought to come to the RJD, and so they began concentrating on Nitish Kumar. A disagreement began between the RJD and the JD-U. Nitish Kumar, who has one of many sharpest political brains, began in search of a chance and he picked on the corruption expenses towards Tejashwi Yadav within the IRCTC rip-off as a super excuse for him to return out from the Mahagathbandhan.

Although Lalan Singh, the nationwide president of the JD-U, clarified throughout a press meet on August 10, 2022 that there have been 4 leaders together with Sanjay Jha, Harivansh, RCP Singh and one other chief who gave him mistaken recommendation to interrupt the alliance with the RJD and the Congress and be part of the NDA.

Nitish Kumar joined the NDA in 2017 and shaped the federal government with the assistance of 53 MLAs of the BJP in Bihar.

Within the 2020 meeting election, Nitish Kumar contested underneath the umbrella of the NDA and have become the chief minister of Bihar for the seventh time. After the results of the election, JD-U leaders accused the BJP of back-stabbing their social gathering.

When Nitish Kumar resigned from the submit of Chief Minister on August 9, he stated: “I was not interested in holding the post of chief minister after the 2020 assembly election. They insisted on me. Today’s BJP has a different ideology then the BJP of Atal Ji and Advani Ji.”

“The way BJP was trying to sabotage our party, we have discussed aspects with our MPs, MLAs and MLCs and every one suggested that I come out from the NDA. We have listened to their voices and resigned from the post of chief minister,” Kumar stated.

“The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) was formed in 1996 and at that time respected Atal Bihari Vajpayee, LK Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi and George Fernandes were the leaders. The JD-U was associated with the NDA for the next 17 years. The reason was Atal Ji, Advani Ji, MM Joshi Ji, and George Saheb were respecting the coalition partners. Those leaders had principles to respect the coalition partners. And what happened now, BJP is back-stabbing its coalition partners,” Lalan Singh stated.

“In the course of the 2019 Lok Sabha election, the BJP wished to win the polls. Therefore, its leaders didn’t do any mischief. When it got here to the 2020 meeting election of Bihar, what they did, BJP leaders back-stabbed us and weakened us ,” Lalan Singh stated.

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