Will AI be listening in on your future job interview? On law, technology and privacy

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The legislation and Synthetic Intelligence (AI) functions should be higher aligned to make sure our private knowledge and privateness are protected. Ph.D. candidate Andreas Häuselmann can see alternatives with AI, however risks if this doesn’t occur.

Think about you apply for a job and are rejected as a result of you don’t want it sufficient. Later you uncover that an AI software that may learn feelings has indicated an absence of enthusiasm in your voice. Or you’re unable to get a mortgage as a result of AI provides you a low credit score rating attributable to when and the way usually you cost your cellphone.

Defending private knowledge

These are examples of a future that Häuselmann envisions if the legislation doesn’t reply higher to the fast developments inside AI. ChatGPT, private suggestions on Netflix and a virtual assistant like Siri or Alexa: it’s already exhausting to think about a world with out AI. However how will we be sure that private knowledge—together with knowledge about our well being, ideas and feelings—is successfully protected?

To place it merely: We’ve to make sure that laws is extra attentive to developments in AI. Take the “accuracy principle,” which is enshrined in European laws. Because of this private knowledge needs to be correct and updated. If an organization misspells your identify, it violates that precept and has to vary your identify whenever you implement your proper to rectification, says Häuselmann.

However what if AI makes predictions about your life: What profession would swimsuit you? How lengthy will you reside? Will you keep wholesome and the way a lot cash will you earn sooner or later? Then it’s unattainable for people to show that that private knowledge is inaccurate when invoking their proper to rectification as a result of predictions relate to the longer term. I counsel we reverse the burden of proof right here. Not you however the group that used your knowledge has to show the knowledge generated is appropriate.

AI firms need readability

On the identical time, says Häuselmann, the EU legislator must also take a look at one other precept, that of equity. This includes guaranteeing there aren’t any hostile, discriminatory or surprising results, for instance on shoppers, from utilizing private knowledge. This precept could be very imprecise, and tech companies working with AI would profit vastly from readability. Extra importantly, a greater elaborated equity precept would shield people extra successfully from the dangers of AI.

“The law should do more here to speak the language of AI, so companies know how to respond.” Häuselmann, who works on the worldwide legislation agency De Brauw, can see how tech firms wish to future-proof their AI applications by way of the legislation too. “We have to transfer towards laws that’s clear but versatile sufficient to reply to the rapid developments inside AI.”

Though the event of AI poses dangers to our personal data, the legislation mustn’t block it, says Häuselmann. Know-how will be of nice worth in well being care, for instance. “Take Neuralink, the implanted chip that can allow people with paralysis to control a computer. Technology is neither good nor bad in itself. The law should look at its use and the intentions behind it.”

Two worlds

Wanting again at his analysis, Häuselmann is especially happy with how he managed to study the languages of two largely separate worlds. “I’m a lawyer but I also gave a tutorial at MIT. I had expected the tech experts there to be skeptical about my critical view of AI but the opposite proved true. These two worlds should continue to seek each other out for future research.”

Andreas Häuselmann will defend his PhD on 23 April.

Extra info:
Efficient Safety of Basic Rights in a pluralist world: … in-a-pluralist-world

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Leiden University

Will AI be listening in in your future job interview? On legislation, expertise and privateness (2024, April 11)
retrieved 11 April 2024

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